Multi-stakeholder coalitions have become key spaces for international climate governance. Many actors, both state and non-state, use these platforms to find common solutions to the impacts of climate change and to jointly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
However, the real impact of these coalitions on climate remains unclear and difficult to measure. To ensure the compatibility of multi-stakeholder coalitions with the Paris agreement, they need to be monitored and evaluated. Unfortunately, few of them lend themselves to this exercise. Thus, several questions deserve to be addressed: What contributions, but also what risks do multi-stakeholder coalitions present? What is their role in international climate governance? How can we ensure that they keep their commitments and are accountable?
The results of the inventory are striking: the majority of multi-stakeholder coalitions do not ensure a good inclusivity of the different types of actors needed to ensure the ecological transition. Indeed, States and companies are largely more represented than the other stakeholders. Moreover, very few coalitions are transparent about their mode of operation and governance, and very few of them demonstrate an effective monitoring and evaluation system. The Réseau Action Climat, faced with these results, proposes possible solutions, notably with a monitoring system centralised by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Read more in the overview!
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